PHP DNS (Bind 8.x) Management Class: Documentation


Explanation of variables that need to be defined:

  • NAMED_CONF_PATH - This should be set to the full path of your named.conf file. Note that if you are writing a web application, your webserver must have read and write access to named.conf file. If this doesn't send thoughts of big security holes through your mind, then you should probably not be using this class. You may want to read the security information.
  • NAMED_CONF_MASTER_ADD_FILE - Personally, I separate the BIND server configuration from the zone definitions. This is the file to which the class will add new zones.
  • NAMED_CONF_SLAVE_ADD_FILE - This is not used yet.
  • NAMED_CONF_PATH_PARSED - This file contains a very primitive cache of the zones hosted on your name server. If the class detects that your named.conf has been updated by hand, it will automatically regenerate this file.
  • NAMED_DIR - This is the base directory of your BIND installation. This should be set to the same value as the "directory" option in the named.conf file.
  • LOCK_DIR - This should be set to the directory that the class can use to lock zone files when it writes them.
  • DEFAULT_PRIMARY_NAMESERVER - The primary nameserver to configure by default for new zones.
  • DEFAULT_SECONDARY_NAMESERVER - The secondary nameserver to configure by default for new zones.
  • DEFAULT_CONTACT_EMAIL - The contact email address for the SOA record to configure by default for new zones.
  • DEFAULT_PRIMARY_MX - The primary mail exchanger to configure by default for new zones.
  • DEFAULT_SECONDARY_MX - The secondary mail exchanger to configure by default for new zones.
Using the class:

To create an instance of the zone class simply do the following:

$zone = new ZONE("");

This will load the zone into the class automatically. After the zone is loaded, you can use the resetRR() and getRR() functions to loop through the resource records. RR records are stored as an array of objects that belong to the zone class. The getRR() function will return an RR object containing the information for that resource record. The RR object is defined as such:

	class RR {
		var $id;
		var $lhs;
		var $ttl;
		var $type;
		var $rhs;
The RR object contains a sub-object named $rhs. This object contains the data that is stored on the right hand side of the resource record. The $type variable tells you what type of resource record (ie. MX, A, NS, etc.) is stored in the object. The $rhs variable stores an object of $type (ie, there is a class named SOA, NS, MX, etc.).

... so ...

	$zone = new ZONE("");
	while ($rr = getRR())
		if ($rr->type == "MX")
			echo $rr->lhs;
			echo "$preference: $hostname";
... would output a list of all the mail exchangers defined in the zone. It is important to notice that that the data stored in the $type variable defines how your application should handle the object in the $rhs variable.

Sufficiently confused? I don't blame you. I'll be releasing better documentation as soon as possible.